More than three decades ago, a 3,400-year-old statue depicting King Ramses II’s head was stolen from the Ramses II temple in the ancient city of Abydos in southern Egypt. The piece is now back in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. It is estimated to have been smuggled out of the country in the late 1980s or early 1990s.

In 2013, Egyptian authorities saw the artifact being offered for sale in an exhibition in London. It was also moved around many other countries before eventually reaching Switzerland.

Since then, Egypt worked with Swiss authorities to establish ownership of a statue, which Switzerland returned to the Egyptian embassy in Bern last year. Only recently was the artifact brought back to Egypt. The 3,400-year-old statue is not on display, as it is awaiting restoration.

Ramses II, also known as Ramses the Great, was one of ancient Egypt’s most powerful pharaohs. He was the third pharaoh of the 19th dynasty and ruled from 1279 to 1213 BC.

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